This and the other “Deck” posts are a repurposing of flashcard study decks to Q&A blog posts.
What is an Elixir GenServer?
It is a means of spawning an Elixir Process but with the added intention of keeping track of state. GenServer comes with a set of predefined callback functions to help with this.
What are the advantages of GenServer vs other process management tools?
1) `GenServer`s callback functions are standardized. Once you understand them, you understand how to work with any `GenServer`.
2) `GenServer`s provide a mechanism for keeping track of state.
3) `GenServer`s provide the ability to execute asynchronously or synchronously.
4) `GenServer`s provide functionality for tracing and error reporting.
Are GenServer processes supervised by a parent process?
They can be, but it's not required.
Do all GenServer callback functions need to be implemented in each GenServer?
No. Each `GenServer` only needs to implement the callback functions it needs. The only required callback function is `init`.
What is the init callback function used for?
This is invoked whenever the server is started. It can be used to pass initial state to the GenServer.
What is the handle_call callback function used for?
This callback is used whenever you want to handle synchronous messages to the server. It is invoked through `GenServer.call`.
What is the handle_cast callback function used for?
This callback is used whenever you want to handle asynchronous messages to the server. It is invoked through `GenServer.cast`.
What is the handle_info callback function used for?
This is used for all other messages to the server, for example process crash messages. It is invoked in different ways including the `Kernel.send` function or `Process.monitor`.
How many GenServer callback functions exist and what are they?
8. `init`, `handle_call`, `handle_cast`, `handle_info`, `code_change`, `format_status`, `handle_continue`, `terminate`.
Are GenServers used for code organization, for handling mutable state, or for providing concurrency?
GenServers are used to for handling of mutable state and for providing concurrency. GenServer's are not used for code organization.